In some languages, the convention of doubling the letters in the acronym is used to indicate plural words: for example, the Spanish. Such terms are also called initialisms." A clearer distinction has also been drawn by Pyles Algeo (1970 2 who divided acronyms as a general category into word acronyms pronounced as words, and initialisms sounded out as letters. 46 Orthographic styling edit Punctuation edit Showing the ellipsis of letters edit In English, abbreviations have
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traditionally been written with a full stop/period/point in place of the deleted part to show the ellipsis of lettersalthough the colon and apostrophe have also had this roleand with. 66566: His first glance at the Paris German News told Wiesener that this new paper was nothing like the old.G. Expansion at first use and the abbreviation-key feature are aids to the reader that originated in the print era, but they are equally useful in print and online. Examples widely known in medicine include the allhat trial (Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial) and the charm trial (Candesartan in Heart Failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity). Enforcing the general convention, most professional editors citation needed case-fold such expansions to their standard orthography when editing manuscripts for publication. Tralee RTC became the Institute of Technology Tralee (ITT as opposed to Tralee Institute of Technology ( TIT ).
In addition to expansion at first use, some publications also have a key listing all the acronyms used they have used and what their expansions are. Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press,. . 66 Anacronyms (note well -acro- ) should not be homophonously confused with anachronyms (note well -chron- which are a type of misnomer. Numerals and constituent words edit While abbreviations typically exclude the initials of short function words (such as "and "or "of or "to this is not always the case. "It is not.C.B.'s fault that its name, let alone its acronym, is not a household word among European scholars" Times Literary Supp. The extension of such contraction to a pervasive or whimsical degree has been mockingly labeled Aküfi (for Abkürzungsfimmel, strange habit of abbreviating). Recursive acronyms edit Main article: Recursive acronym A special type of macronym, the recursive acronym, has letters whose expansion refers back to the macronym itself. However, other reasonable critiques have been (1) that it is irresponsible to mention trial acronyms without explaining them at least once by providing the long names somewhere in the document, 79 and (2) that the proliferation of trial acronyms has resulted in ambiguity, such.
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